Monday, December 14, 2009

The Harm Of Performance-Based Christianity (Transcript)

Biblical Anthropology

Before we talk specifically about Performance-based Christianity, let’s take a quick look at biblical anthropology.

Don’t let the big word throw you. It’s simple, really.

Anthropology is the study of man, and biblical anthropology is looking at man as the Bible sees us, and particularly we want to look at how the Bible sees us after we’re born again, after we’re saved.

Let’s look at a few verses of Scripture to see what the Bible says about man, and then we will define Performance-based Christianity, and then we will see why Performance-based Christianity is so harmful.

Fearfully and Wonderfully Made

Let’s start with Psalm 139:14 which says, “I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Marvelous are Your works, And that my soul knows very well.”

Now there’s a sense in which this is true even of the unbeliever, the person who has not been born again.

We were all knit together in our mother’s womb, and were born as amazing machines. Science, when it’s rightly practiced is merely the discovery and observation of the amazing way that God has created and set into motion all things.

And even an atheistic scientist or biologist or neurologist can’t help being amazed at the human machine. The trillions of cells all working together, the brain that no computer could ever replicate, the organic systems that nourish and repair and clean out themselves.

But we weren’t created just machines were we?

We weren’t just given mechanical systems, and brains with chemical rivers to be programmed and stimulated.

We were also given emotions to feel things, and a will to make choices, and a conscience that senses right and wrong, and a spirit which is how we commune, or refuse to commune, with God our Creator.

We really are fearfully and wonderfully made.

Even More For The Believer

And it gets even more fearful and wonderful for the born-again one, the believer in Jesus Christ:

2 Corinthians 5:21 says, "For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him."

As believers, we have been declared righteous by God, given a new spirit which is dead to sin and alive to God, and astoundingly are now called "the righteousness of God" in Christ.

Now that might make somebody a little uppity. That might make somebody think pretty highly of themselves. And if that’s not enough to puff up somebody’s head, how about Hebrews 10:14:

"For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified."

He has perfected you forever, if you’re His child. You have been made perfect in the core of your being, which is your spirit, and to top that off Jesus Himself has taken up residence in you, in your spirit, Christ in you the hope of glory (Colossians 1:27).

A Caution

Feeling pretty proud? Feeling like you’re really something? Well, hold on a minute, because 1 Cor. 4:7 says this:

"For who makes you differ from another? And what do you have that you did not receive? Now if you did indeed receive it, why do you boast as if you had not received it?"

See, we really are fearfully and wonderfully made.

But the key word there is MADE. See, we don’t have anything that wasn’t a gift from God. And we aren’t anything good that wasn’t produced by God. We have a lot going for us, as they say, but it’s all from God.

If you’re smart, that came from God.

“But I studied and got my Masters degree, not like that lazy uneducated bum.”

Ah, but where did you get the intelligence to get that degree? And where did you get the motivation, and the discipline, and the finances, and the transportation, and the books, and on and on?

I don’t care what you have, it all came from God. What do you have that you did not receive?

But we have a habit of sorta taking credit ourselves for it sometimes, don’t we? Instead of looking at someone we call "less fortunate" and saying, “There but for the grace of God go I,” we say to ourselves, “Man if they would just get their act together like me, they could be wonderful like me!”

And so Romans 12:3 says, "For I say, through the grace given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think soberly, as God has dealt to each one a measure of faith."

And Now...Performance-Based Christianity

So with that extended introduction, let’s look at Performance-based Christianity.

Performance-based Christianity is just a fancy way of describing a form of legalism. And it’s one of the most common forms of legalism in the Church, partly because it’s so subtle, and partly because we forget that everything we have is from God.

Performance-based Christianity is that form of legalism that tries to earn God’s love or favor by what we do, or how we perform.

Other Forms of Legalism

Now there are several other forms of legalism. Let's just mention a few of them. Legalism isn’t just one thing. There are several other forms of legalism. For example:

1. There is initial salvation by works.

This is that idea that's common among many religions, and some so-called Christian religions, where a person is saved by what they do. If they perform well enough they will be saved, and if they don't perform well enough they won't be saved.

Sometimes it's seen as a balance of weights and if there are enough good things done to outdo the bad things, then that person will gain favor with God and go to heaven, or whatever the case may be.

This is totally against what the Scripture says, which is that salvation is by grace through faith, not of works.

2. There is the Seventh Day Adventist type of legalism...
...which speaks of initial salvation by grace, but then once you're saved and you have the Holy Spirit, it must be followed by works of the law, or you end up losing your salvation.

You know, you have to do something like follow Sabbath Day requirements, or eat certain kinds of food, or whatever. And the argument goes, "Hey, now that God has saved you by grace, and you have the Holy Spirit, now you have the power to follow the law, and if you don't, then you're going to lose your salvation."

Well, that's a lie from the pit of Hell, as they say. But that's another form of legalism.

3. There is that extra-biblical type of cultural legalism...
...such as "no lipstick", "no pants for ladies", “you can’t wear a tattoo”, and so forth. That kind of cultural legalism.

4. There is pure Galatianism...
...which mixes law-works with grace, which of course makes it not grace. This is similar to Roman Catholicism, which speaks of grace, but requires rituals and good works added to so-called grace.

And if you don't add those rituals and good works, then you lose the salvation that you got through another ritual, which might be baptism, for example.

Well, this is the problem that the Galatians had, where they believed the "circumcision party" in saying that, "Yeah, you're saved by grace, but you also have to add the works of the Old Covenant." This is pure Galatianism, and another form of legalism.

Romans 11:6 says, "And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace."

In other words, grace is the free or undeserved favor of God, and if you add works to it, it's no longer grace. It's now something deserved.

Okay, those are some other examples of forms of legalism. But we're talking here about Performance-based Christianity.

The Harm of Performance-Based Legalism

The Perfomance-based Christianity type I speak of is, I believe, the most destructive to the spiritual walk of the Christian, because it does several bad things:

1. It makes a Christian think they are better or worse than other Christians, causing pride or despair respectively.

If you think you’re performing pretty well at a particular time, then you think you are deserving God’s love and favor, and pride sets in. Even while you know that pride comes before a fall, right? And even while you know that God resists the proud, right?

But what if you think you’re performing poorly at a particular time? What if you have been deceived by the world, the flesh and the devil, and you find yourself doing what you don’t want to do, or not doing what you want to do, like Paul describes in Romans 7?

Well, then you feel like God doesn’t love you or favor you as much, if at all, and you despair, and you shy away from Him, which makes it even worse, because you need to be in close fellowship with Him to walk in the Spirit.

And so there’s this downward spiral. And God forbid that you just pull up your bootstraps, and "will" yourself to perform better so you can swing back to the proud side.

2. It encourages the Christian to be self-centered...
...always examining his navel as to whether he is "measuring up" (and he never is, of course) -- instead of being Christ-centered, looking to Jesus and fellowshiping with Him.

When we focus on Jesus, instead of on ourself, something amazing happens. 2 Cor. 3:18 puts it this way:

"But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord."

But Performance-based Christianity squelches that wonderful process.

3. It encourages Daisy Theology...
..."He loves me, He loves me not", robbing the believer of that precious and total love and acceptance that God has for him in Christ.

God fully and totally accepts you in the Beloved, in Christ (Eph. 1:6 KJV). God sees us in a way that’s beyond our Performance.

And, ironically, when we see how He sees us, our Performance improves, because we live in response to the Grace and Love that He’s already shown. We draw near to Him, and that affects us for the good.

4. Worst of all, it adds law to grace...
...which Paul points out makes it no longer grace, whereupon one "falls from grace", as the Galatians did in their foolishness, and gets on the ground of Law. What this does is it quenches the Holy Spirit, and inflames sin.

1 Cor. 15:56 says an amazing thing: "the strength of sin is the law." That’s where sin gets its strength, from Law. “Keep off the grass” fires up a desire to walk on the grass. “Don’t touch this sculpture” makes us want to touch the darn sculpture.

Well, those are four critical reasons why Performance-based legalism is harmful to your Christian life.

The Problem With Law-Based Living

The real problem with Law-based living is that the one who lives that way has to:

1. obey all of it,
2. obey it continually, and
3. obey it perfectly.

Sorry, but "Striving to obey God's commandments" won't cut it, and one who lives that way is messed up by his own paradigm, a paradigm that carries with it a built-in curse.

"For as many as are of the works of the Law are under a curse; for it is written, 'Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law to perform them.'" (Gal. 3:10)

Don’t fall for it, friends.

New Covenant "Performance"

Let your performance be a fruit of walking with Jesus. Walking in the Spirit, in gratitude for what God has already done for you. Don’t ever try to EARN God’s love and favor. If you’re His child, you already have it.

We are "...servants of a new covenant, not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life." (2 Cor. 3:6)

And that New Covenant, of course, is in Jesus Christ, who became sin for us that we might become the righteousness of God.

What a Savior and Friend!


Larry Eiss said...

Thanks, Brother. I needed this one today.

Anders Branderud said...

Hello! You wrote: “This is totally against what the Scripture says, which is that salvation is by grace through faith, not of works. ”

(le-havdil) I want to comment about foregivness by writing about what is written in Tan’’kh.

How to live in order to enable the Creator in His loving kindness to provide His foregivness is outlined in Tan’’kh ( the Jewish Bible) ; and was also taught by the first century Ribi Yehoshua from Nazareth (the Mashiakh; the Messiah) (You will find Ribi Yehoshuas teachings here: Netzarim)

Tan’’kh – for example Yekhëzqeil (Hezekiel) 18 – promises foregivness in His khein (loving kindness) to those and only those who do their sincerest to keep Torah. The Creator cannot lie and He does not change (Malakhi 3:6)! According to Tehilim (“Psalms”) 103 the Creator gives His foregivness to those who do their sincerest to keep His berit (“covenant”; the pre-conditions to be included in the berit is according to the Jewish Bible to do ones sincerest to keep Torah). The foregivness of the Creator is much needed because no human can keep Torah (the instruction manual of the Creator) perfectly. The conclusions of this two paragraphs is that the NT-view of foregiveness contradicts the Torah-view of foregiveness.

All the best, Anders Branderud

Terry Rayburn said...


Thank you for writing.

Since you didn't cite specific verses, and since I reviewed the general Scriptures you mentioned, I can only deal with your notion that the Lord forgives on the basis of the SINCERITY of a person in trying to keep Torah (Mosaic Covenant laws) or His berit (covenant).

There are several problems with this false concept:

1. The Lord must forgive on the BASIS of justice, or else He would be unjust.

He can't just forgive because He desires to. He can't pardon the guilty without a JUST recompense.

In the Mosaic Covenant ("Old Covenant") He required the sacrificing of bulls and goats, whose blood temporarily "covered" the sins of the people in various ways.

You Jews no longer have such sacrifices, because they were done away with, circa 70 A.D.

Thus you don't even have a TEMPORARY covering of your sins, let alone a permanent taking away of them for eternity.

Your sins are still on your head.

2. You mention Hezekiel, but it is he (as well as the prophet Jeremiah) who promise a NEW COVENANT to spiritual Israel.

In this New Covenant the Lord promised to give His people a new heart which hates sin and loves the Lord.

As the writer of the New Covenant book of Hebrews points out in Chapter 8, the Old (Mosaic) Covenant was made obsolete by the New Covenant.

The Old Covenant was based on obedience to Torah, but as you pointed out, Anders, no one can keep Torah.

Why? Why can't anyone keep Torah?

The answer is found in Psalm 14 (repeated by the Apostle Paul in the New Covenant book of Romans, Chapter 3):

"...There is no one who does good. The Lord has looked down from heaven upon the sons of men

To see if there are any who understand,

Who seek after God.

They have ALL turned aside, together they have become corrupt;

There is no one who does good, not even one."

3. The New Covenant provides the remedy, because it is not based on the imperfect obedience of men.

Ander, you don't realize how holy the Lord truly is. He cannot be satisfied with apparent "sincerity", and imperfect obedience.

He is so holy that He can only be satisfied with PERFECTION.

And He is so just that He can only forgive on the basis of justice.

And so He brought forth His plan, planned from eternity.

He Himself came to Earth as a man, a PERFECT man, who never sinned.

And this perfect man took our sins on Himself, voluntarily, and our sins were punished IN HIM on the Cross we Christians talk a lot about.

Yeshua Hamashiach, Jesus the Messiah, the promised Anointed One that the prophet Isaiah spoke so eloquently of in his 53rd Chapter...

...this Yeshua fulfilled the JUSTICE for our sins being forgiven. He became the FINAL sacrifice that didn't just COVER the sins of His people like the blood of bulls and goats, but TOOK THEM AWAY forever.

This is called the New Covenant in His blood.

Do you see why the Old Covenant was made obsolete?

Because the New Covenant was completely fulfilled and accomplished by the Lord alone, without any dependence on the imperfect obedience of sinful man.

Or as Yeshua said on the Cross as He died, "Tetelestai!", "It is finished!" He accomplished what the Old Covenant could not, the permanent forgiveness of His people.

4. Since you have already admitted that no one can keep the Law, can you see the brilliance and beauty and logic of the Lord's great arrangement?

Yeshua Himself said, "I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life. No one can come to the Father except through Me."

Perhaps now you see why no one can come to the Father except through Yeshua ("Emmanuel, God with us"...Isaiah)? Because He paid the price for our sins, was buried, and rose again from the dead, verifying Who He truly was...the Lord Himself in the body of a man.

(comment continued below...)

Terry Rayburn said...

(...comment continued from above)

5. But not all will be saved or have their sins forgiven.

Only those who believe in Yeshua.

Question: Does the Lord have the right as Creator to determine who will be saved and who will not?

You must answer "Yes" if you have any reverence for the Creator at all.

Then listen to how He has determined whom will be saved and forgiven of their sins:

Those who come to Yeshua.

That is, all who believe in Yeshua as the Messiah and Lord, and who believe that He paid for their sins on the Cross, and was buried, and rose again from the dead.

All who "rest" from their wearying "sincerity" in trying to perfectly keep laws -- and call upon Yeshua.

Yeshua Himself said, "Come to me all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest...whoever will come to Me, I will in no way cast out."

But those who reject Yeshua, Jew and Gentile alike, will suffer the wrath of the Lord who is good and holy and true.

The Good News is that those who believe on the Lord Yeshua the Messiah will be saved.

6. Anders, will you call on Yeshua?

Will you abandon your "sincere" striving to satisfy the Lord who is too holy for your "efforts" and admit, like many of us did, that it's not enough?

Will you admit, like many of us did, that your sins are still held to your account?

And accept the sacrifice of Emmanuel, God with us, Yeshua our Lord?

If you do, your sins will truly be forgiven forever. All of your sins, past, present and future.

And you can truly serve the Lord out of a new heart (promised in the New Covenant by the prophets). You can worship Him out of love and gratitude, not trying to earn His love and favor, but having already received it in Yeshua.

7. I don't usually write such long comments, but perhaps the Lord is working in your heart and mind to know Him through Jesus. I pray so.


bot1 said...

Great post! Legalism comes in many forms and sometimes insidiously sneaks into our theology. Thanks for articulating the dangers of performance-based Christianity.

Terry Rayburn said...

Amen, Art, and thanks!

Unknown said...

There is a legalism that teaches that we are saved by a legal act of God before the foundation of the world' It is based on denying the free will of man by teaching that God secretly makes us do what was foreknown from all eternity.

Paul Dohse said...

Please finish you quote with A, or B:

"Performance-based Christianity is that form of legalism that tries to earn God’s love or favor by what we do, or how we perform....
A....for justification,
B....for sanctification.
Your quote is in regard to which?

Terry Rayburn said...


Really, *neither*, at least consciously, to the typical one in bondage to Performance-based Christianity.

It's more of a *relational* thing, and usually quite feeling-based.

Few Bible-believing Christians will consciously think that their initial salvation comes from "performance".

But they often have an unease about God's relationship to them as their loving Father, faithful Friend, compassionate Shepherd, etc.

They "feel" that God can't really love them that much, or bless them, unless they reach some level of "obedience" where God says, "Aha! NOW you're good enough! And you'd better STAY there!"

Unfortunately this syndrome is reinforced by many "shepherds" who feel compelled to whip the sheep into shape (at least externally) by some form of verbal/ecclesiological coercion, or else it reflects badly on the "shepherd", who himself has been brainwashed into Performance-based legalism.

And of course, if you point out this syndrome to the "shepherds", they will either calmly show you 10 scripture verses "proving" their right behavior, or simply bare their teeth and snarl and snap at you like...well, not like a sheep.

They are at the far end of the spectrum from the equally bad shepherds who simply don't care about their sheep and could care less how worldy they are.

There is a middle (biblical, grace-filled, New Covenant) course where shepherding consists mostly of showing the sheep the Great Shepherd, what He has already accomplished for them, and Who He is to them -- faithfully teaching the whole counsel of God, from the lofty perspective of the New Covenant.

William said...

Hi Terry,
God laid you on my heart this afternoon. As I was awakening from a nap your name came into my mind and I have no idea why so I will just bless you in the name of Jesus. We have never met or spoken but God bless you

Terry Rayburn said...

Much appreciation, William, to you and Him.

Anonymous said...

a good example of a legalist who believes heavily in performance based salvation is the Christian that's overly concerned about what kind of music someone listens to or the fact that someone has HBO or watches secular movies.It isn't watching bruce willis movies or listening to aerosmith that condemns the's neglecting to accept Christ and the belief in him as one's lord and savior,that he eas crucified ,died and resurrected...My journey to heaven is based only on that beliefand faith, but NOT relying on whether I watch cable tv every night or not..i grew up as a Christian in the 70's in church's that bashed smoking tobacco and harshly criticized those who do but yet every sunday,during service, they kept a pot of coffee and a bowl full of sugar on the a table right outside the chapel.i call his kind of behavior, 'the Pentecostal pick and choose'!!

George Skarzynski said...

I wonder what clothes you when you get to Heaven? Did you forget that part? Good day!